Skunk #1 - 20% THC Indica Dominant Hybrid
aka: The Pure, The Original Skunk, Pure Skunk
Skunk #1 medical marijuana strain was the first true stabilized hybrid to enter Dutch Cannabis greenhouses. Sam the Skunkman at Sacred Seeds is responsible for its creation in the late 1970s when they crossed an Afghani Indica, an 'Acapulco Gold' Mexican Sativa, and a Columbian Gold Sativa.
Through generations of intensive selection and back-crossing, the very best examples of Skunk were stabilized into the first true-breeding Indica-Sativa hybrid - the classic Indica-dominant Skunk #1.
The potency of this family tree is so notorious that "Skunk" is often used as a name for any powerful ganja. Breeders regard Skunk #1 as the benchmark of uniform, reliable performance and her rock solid genotype has influenced a hundred modern hybrids.
Skunk #1 cannabis has an energetic performance and bountiful yields demonstrate the true meaning of hybrid vigor. Growth and flowering are mostly-Indica in appearance, with Skunk #1 gaining a little more height than a pure Indica when blooming. The dark green of this strain's leaves comes from her Afghanica ancestors.
Flowering is very fast and Skunk #1 produces robust stems and branches to support her superior yields. Short internode gaps explode into dense, rounded flower clusters which merge into huge, heavy terminal buds by the end of the blooming phase. Fan leaves can show many shades of color at the end of flowering, as plants focus their energy on bud formation and resin production.
Sativa heritage is most apparent in Skunk #1's beautiful calyxes, long, profuse pistils and her habit of expanding bud-growth in all directions as harvest time approaches. Sativa also has a wonderful influence on Skunk #1's potency and effect, a stunning combination of stone and high.
Skunk #1 History:
Skunk#1 was the result of a communal breeding effort by a small clique of breeders who worked the coastal hills surounding the Bay Area in California.
The first "Skunk" plant (Coloumbian Gold x Afghan) was not discovered by this group but a breeder by the name of "Jingles", whom cut the unstable line, but kept this one special plant for his personal garden. This was around 1969. The clone made its way round the club and soon this Bay Area group decided to adopt it as a project.
With the Coloumbian Gold mother used by Jingles as well as the "Haze Brothers" they set about trying to create a stable version of Jingles "Skunk". The result would be known as "Skunk #1". Columbian Gold x Acapulco Gold/Afghan.
The understanding of the Skunk #1 breeding group is that it started very small and grew as time went by. "Sam the Skunkman" starting out as a Jr. grower in the late 1960's and rising to the level of Chief Breeder and Seedmaker for the seed company in the late 1970's/early 1980's.
It was supposed to have been very difficult to join this group and a prospect would first have to be sponsered by a member of the inner circle then be required to breed out a certain number of versions of Skunk #1 from both clones provided by the club as well as genetics they provided themselves.
This way they assured quality control and widened the gene pool at the same time. The original unstable "model skunk"plant was a direct cross of Coloumbian Gold x Afghan. But the Bay Area people soon found out how difficult it was going to be to cross a Coloumbian Gold to anything.
So it was found that it was easier to cross these difficult plants to a plant that was already hybribized. Hence the introduction of "Alcapulco Gold" into the mix. This also apparently added two other favorable traits.
In addition to making crosses easier, high GCA has been stated by Clark as one of the goals of the breeders, the Alcapulco Gold also marginaly reduced flower time but most important was it's addition to calyx/leaf ratio.
Most of the Sacred Seeds breeding groups suffered disasters of one sort or another in the early days and in the case of Skunk #1, it was the dreaded botrytis cinerea, grey mold. Introduced by some of the early Afgani crosses it kicked of a massive Afgan genetics torture test.
While the late great "Maple Leaf Wilson" provided most of the genes they scowered every nook and cranny for an Afgani. Many non Skunk#1 members of the Sacred Seeds who were also working on their own projects got involved.
Also involved were breeders "Sandy W" and "Mendacino Joe", who as you can probably guess by his name was known to have been one of the founders of the Trinity grow scene. Joe was working on a grape/pepper flavored mostly Afgani hybrid not related to Skunk #1, but he had a large collection of genetics and was a great grower and so he was included in the torture tests.
The ultimate result of these tests was a special line called Skunk #18.2 (Skunk #1 x Afghani BX1). It is a line that inparts incredible hardiness and pest/disease resistance on its offspring.
Sam the Skunkman brought several kilos of these seeds with him along with his other stuff when he moved to Holland in 1982 in the wake of his release from prison. It is said that Sam has only given these seeds to Neville, Shantibaba, and Wernhard from Positronics.
In the wake of the Sacred Seeds bust in 1982, "Mendacino Joe" moved to the Vancouver Islands and changing his handle to "Romulan" Joe bringing with him some early Skunk #1 or deriviteves, a line of Central Ithsmus lowland Thai that may have been purchased from the Haze Brothers and of course his grape/pepper flovored indica strain, Romulan. Soon to be a BC classic.
It was these lines that Pr. Ziggy at Federation seeds in BC was supposed to have purchased from old Joe shorly before his death, and are offered as Island Sweet Skunk, Golden Triangle Thai, and Romulan.
Torture tests and "inoculations" were mostly done outdoors with special patches of extra clones in an isolated area, which were then diliberatly infected. Deseased and pest riddled local plants would be transplanted into these special gardens and then the plants were tested to destruction while the growers watched and made note of the strongest individauls.
Sacred Seeds was all about division of labor. It's one of the ways they accomplished so much in so little time and they used natural selection to work in their favor. Skunk #1 first went on sale in 1978 or 1979. It was the only strain that Sacred Seeds didn't give a discount on orders over 1k seeds. S
eeds were $2 a peice and people complained about prices, even back then. Like the "Haze" (which could sellout a year ahead) Skunk #1 sold out every year. The seeds were sold as F1's made with a plant backcrossed to one of the original parents.
Due to the communal nature of the project, there were many parents as each breeder included his own varietion, Skunk #1 bred from the same P1 stock but often getting to the goal a different way. For instance some variations used Coloumbian Gold on the male side.
What constituted a "Skunk" was a matter of just a little debate, but they basically came down into camps which actually carried forward into the Dutch world. The "Sweet Skunk" camp, which including Sam the Skunkman, and the "Stinky Skunk" camp.
In terms of modern Skunk #1 the CC/TFD Skunkman bred "the Pure" is bred for more consistant plants and towards the Skunkmans ideal Skunk #1. While the stinky side of the house would be best represented by the Seed Bank/Mr Nice, Skunks which also have more variation in types like the earlier California skunks. There is no right answer, its a matter of taste and a debate thats been going for on about 30 years.
Sacred Seeds was busted in 1982. Sam the Skunkman was arrested and the police were in possession of the groups main seedmaking operation. These breeding bunch were savvy and had pre-paid bailbonds and lawyers on retainer and so Skunkman was out in a matter of hours. So begins one of the greatest capers in Sacred Seeds history.
Sam the Skunkman, out on bail and eager to find out the condition of his grow rooms stakes out the grow to make sure the police aren't waiting there for him. After sitting for hours he finally gets over his paranoia and makes a cursory recon and can't believe what he finds, the police in either there arrogance or ignorance have left the place secured with only police tape.
Skunkman checked the grow as well as the dumpster out back and found many plants cut well above the the first node and some that had been simply pulled from their containers and tossed whole. The dumpster was also full of seeds and it was obvious that the police had broken many seed containers but because there were so many eventually just started throwing jars out whole.
The police had left all the stuff there until morning when they could properly collect it, including all the grow equipment. Skunkman sprang into action, called a number of the un-busted members of the club and the "great rootball rescue" was under way. His friends showed up and they literally stripped the place of every thing usefull.
Lights were sold to pay legal fees, the rootballs, including the Haze mother Skunkman has to this day were nursed back to health by the people who escaped prosecution and the police were left with a distinct lack of evidence. Causing some of the cases to collapse entirly and some, like Skunkman to serve greatly reduced sentences.
If the police had gotten Sam the Skunkman on everything they wanted him for, he'd still be in prison today. Instead, Skunkman served less than a year and on his release he collected up his strains from his friends, including the Skunk #18.2 rescued from the dumpster and made his way to Amsterdam were he founded the Cultivators Choice Seed Company. It was named after the top award at the annual Sacred Seeds harvest fests held in northern California from 1967-1983.
When Cultivators Choice went out of business a few years later, Neville bought most of their stock. While both worked from the same set of Skunk #1 females, each has there own males (breeders never give up a male) selected from the only two importations of authentic Skunk #1 into Holland.
The Cultivators Choice variation is the one offered by TFD as "the Pure" The Seed Bank version is at Mr Nice Seeds, Shantibabas "Shit" is his Skunk #1/Afghan variation with "Pure Shit" aka pure Skunk #1 upcoming.