Indian - 18% THC
The first known reference to marijuana in India is to be found in the Atharva Veda, which may date as far back as the second millennium B.C. Another quite early reference appears on certain cuneiform tablets unearthed in the Royal Library of Ashurbanipal, an Assyrian king.
Ashurbanipal lived about 650 B.C.; but the cuneiform descriptions of marijuana in his library "are generally regarded as obvious copies of much older texts," says Dr. Robert P. Walton, an American physician and authority on marijuana who assembled much of the historical data here reviewed.
This evidence "serves to project the origin of hashish back to the earliest beginnings of history." References to marijuana can also be found, Dr. Walton adds, in the Rh-Ya, a Chinese compendium dating from the period 1200-500 B.C.; in the Susruta, an Indian treatise originating before 400 A.D.; and in the Persian Zend-Avesta, originating several centuries before Christ.
The religious and spiritual use of cannabis has an ancient history of ritual usage as an aid to trance and has been traditionally used in a religious context throughout the Old World.
Herodotus wrote about early ceremonial practices by the Scythians, which are thought to have occurred from the 5th to 2nd century BCE. Itinerant sadhus have used it in India for centuries.
Cannabis was used in Indian culture as early as 3000 BCE, or even more, going back to primitve societies of pre-vedic India. Its ancient use is thus confirmed even in the oldest existing texts, the Vedas -- (Sama Veda, Rig Veda, and Atharva Veda).
There are three types of cannabis used in India. The first, Bhang, consists of the leaves and plant tops of the marijuana plant. It is usually consumed as an infusion in beverage form, and varies in strength according to how much Cannabis is used in the preparation.
The second, Ganja, consisting of the leaves and the plant tops, is smoked. The third, called Charas or Hashish, consists of the resinous buds and/or extracted resin from the leaves of the marijuana plant. Typically, Bhang is the most commonly used form of cannabis in religious festivals.
Cannabis or ganja is associated with worship of the Hindu deity Shiva, who is popularly believed to like the hemp plant. Bhang is offered to Shiva images, especially on Shivratri festival. This practice is particularly witnessed at temples of Benares, Baidynath and Tarakeswar.
Bhang is not only offered to the deity, but also consumed by Shaivite (sect of Shiva) yogis. Charas is smoked by some Shaivite devotees and cannabis itself is seen as a gift ("prasad," or offering) to Shiva to aid in sadhana. Some of the wandering ascetics in India known as sadhus smoke charas out of a clay chillum.
During the Indian festival of Holi, people consume bhang which contains cannabis flowers. According to one description, when the elixir of life was produced from the churning of the ocean by the devas and the asuras, Shiva created cannabis from his own body to purify the elixir (whence, for cannabis, the epithet angaja or body-born).
Another account suggests that the cannabis plant sprang when a drop of the elixir dropped on the ground. Thus, cannabis is used by sages due to association with elixir and Shiva.
Wise drinking of bhang, according to religious rites, is believed to cleanse sins, unite one with Shiva and avoid the miseries of hell in the after-life. In contrast, foolish drinking of bhang without rites is considered a sin.
Regarding Buddhism, the fifth precept is to "abstain from wines, liquors and intoxicants that cause heedessness." Most interpretations of the fifth precept would therfore include all forms of cannabis amongst the intoxicants that a Buddhist should abstain from consuming.
However, the Buddhist precepts are guidelines whose purpose is to encourage a moral lifestyle rather than being strict religious commandments, and some lay practitioners of Buddhism may choose to consume cannabis and other mild intoxicants occasionally.
Cannabis and some other psychoactive plants are specifically prescribed in the Mahakala Tantra for medicinal purposes. However, Tantra is an esoteric teaching of Hinduism and Buddhism not generally accepted by most other forms of these religions.
Indian landrace strains:
Shilavat, Shiva, Hindu Kush, Peace Maker, Four-Way, Guerilla's Gusto, Himalaya Gold, Kali Haze and Sadhu to name a few.
pure Indian Landrace
Flowering Time: 55-60 days
indoors: 400 gr per m2
outdoors: 500 - 600 gr per plant
Good For: Learning about Hinduism.
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